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Miami Hurricanes football
40px 2014 Miami Hurricanes
Miami Hurricanes NCAA-UM Hurricanes Helmet-732px
First season 1926
Athletic director Shawn Eichorst
Head coach Al Golden
3rd year, 22–15  ()
Home stadium Sun Life Stadium
Stadium capacity 76,500
Stadium surface Grass
Location Miami Gardens, Florida
Conference ACC
Division Coastal
All-time history
Template:Miami Hurricanes football history
All-time record 590–335–19 ()
Postseason bowl record 18–17
Claimed national titles 5[1]
Conference titles 9
Heisman winners 2
Consensus All-Americans 35
Current uniform
1900px-Miami Huricanes Jerseys
Colors Orange and Green

             


Fight song Miami U. How-Dee-Do[2]
Mascot Sebastian the Ibis
Marching band Band of the Hour
Rivals Florida
Florida State
Notre Dame
Virginia Tech
Boston College
Website HurricaneSports.com

The Miami Hurricanes football program competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and is a member of the NCAA FBS Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), playing their home games at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The program began in 1926 and has won five AP national championships (1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 2001).[3] Miami is ranked fourth on the list of All-time Associated Press National Poll Championships, tied with USC and behind Notre Dame, Oklahoma and Alabama.[4] Two Hurricanes have won the Heisman Trophy and six have been inducted to the College Football Hall of Fame. Miami also holds a number of NFL Draft records, including most first round selections in a single draft and most consecutive drafts with at least one first round selection.[5] As of the 2011 National Football League season, UM had the most players active in the NFL of any university in the nation, with 42.[6] The Hurricanes are currently coached by Al Golden.

HistoryEdit

For year-by-year results, see List of Miami Hurricanes football seasons.

Beginnings (1926–36)Edit

UM began with just a freshman football team in 1926. Its first game was played on October 23, 1926, a 7–0 win over Rollins College before 304 fans.[7] Under the guidance of head coach Howard Buck, the freshman team posted a perfect 8–0 record in its inaugural season. Two of the wins were against the University of Havana,[8] one on Thanksgiving Day in Miami and one at Havana on Christmas Day. Miami's last home game at of the season featured a first: the first Hurricane football game played on New Year's Day against Howard at Miami's University Stadium.[9] Around this time, the team adopted the official nickname "Hurricanes," though the exact timing and origin of the name is unclear; some reports suggest it was in reference to the devastating power of the 1926 hurricane that postponed the program's first game by a month, and others that it was suggested by a player in response to rumors that university officials wanted to name the team after local flora or fauna.[10]

Varsity competition began in 1927, with Miami beating Rollins 39–3 in its first game and going on to a 3–6–1 record. The team improved to 4–4–1 in 1928, but it was not enough for Buck to keep his job, and he was replaced prior to the 1929 season with J. Burton Rix, previously head coach at Southern Methodist.[8] Rix's arrival was funded by a group of local businessmen.[11] That off-season, the program, which competed as an independent during its first two years of existence, joined the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association (SIAA). 1929 saw Miami play its first varsity road game (a 14–0 loss at Southwest Louisiana), and Rix led the team to its first winning season, going 3–2.[8] His tenure, however, was short-lived; off-campus financing for the program dried up in the wake of the 1929 stock market crash, and he resigned after one season.[7]

Ernest Brett replaced Rix, and in 1930, Miami played Temple in its first game outside the South, losing 34–0 to the Owls in Atlantic City, New Jersey.[8] On October 31, 1930, the Hurricanes played in one of the nation's first night games vs. Bowden College in Miami.[12] Brett only lasted one year, and Tom McCann became the program's fourth head coach in 1931.

Under McCann, the football program experienced its most successful seasons to that point. After a difficult first year, Miami put together a winning record in 1932 and served as host to the inaugural Palm Festival (later to be known as the Orange Bowl), defeating Manhattan College 7–0 at Moore Park in Miami.[8] A 5–1–2 campaign and another Palm Festival berth followed in 1933, and in 1934, the program played in its first official bowl game, losing to Bucknell in the first Orange Bowl, 26–0.[8]

In 1935, a group of Miami football supporters sought to hire Red Grange as coach. However, the move was vetoed by President Bowman Foster Ashe, in part because of the $7,500 salary that Grange had requested.[13] Instead Irl Tubbs took over as head coach in 1935, and though Miami compiled an 11–5–2 record in his two seasons, it did not play in a bowl in either year.[14]

Jack Harding era (1937–47)Edit

After Irl Tubbs resigned following the 1936 season to become head coach at Iowa, Jack Harding was hired to serve as both head football coach and athletic director at Miami.[7]

In 1937, the Hurricanes moved into the brand new Burdine Municipal Stadium (renamed the Orange Bowl in 1959), located west of downtown Miami.[7] The following year, Miami played archrival Florida for the first time, defeating the Gators 19–7 at Florida Field, and won the program's first Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association title with an 8–2 record. The Hurricanes, though, left the SIAA just three years later, becoming an independent once again.

Harding led the Hurricanes to eight- and seven- win campaigns in 1941 and 1942, respectively, before he was called away by World War II service.[7] Eddie Dunn, a former star running back at Miami under Harding, stepped into the void and served as head coach during Harding's two-year war service. Though the Hurricanes won five games in Dunn's first season, they faltered in the second, winning just one game against seven losses and a tie.

Fortunes changed with Harding's return in 1945, as the Hurricanes went 9–1–1 and returned to the Orange Bowl for the first time since 1934, defeating Holy Cross 13–6 in a memorable game.[15] With the score tied 6–6 and only seconds remaining, Holy Cross quarterback Gene DeFilippo was intercepted by Miami's Al Hudson at the 11-yard line. Hudson dashed 89 yards the other way for the game-winning touchdown as time expired.[7][15]

Harding's Hurricanes won eight games in 1946, but after the team slipped to 2–7–1 in 1947, he resigned as head coach, but continued as Athletic Director. He hired Andy Gustafson as the new head coach, closing out a nine-year tenure in which Miami went 54–29–3 and won at least 8 games in four different seasons.[7]

Andy Gustafson era (1948–63)Edit

Main article: 1962 Miami Hurricanes

One of Andy Gustafson's major innovations at Miami was the "drive series" offense, an option-oriented attack from the Split-T formation that relied on zone blocking and featured either a fullback fake or carry on every play.[16][17] Under Gustafson's tutelage, Miami produced its first All-American, Al Carapella, in 1950 and went 9–1–1 in 1951, including a 35–13 win in its first-ever game against rival Florida State and a 15–14 loss to Clemson in the Orange Bowl.[7][18] The following season, Miami won eight games and went to a bowl game in consecutive years for the first time in school history, shutting out Clemson 14–0 in a rematch at the Gator Bowl.

In the middle of the 1954 season, the NCAA imposed two one-year penalties against Miami for providing transportation and tryouts to prospective players.[16][19] As a result, Gustafson's 1954 squad was ineligible to play in a bowl game, and the 8–1 Hurricanes, whose lone loss came 14–13 at No. 14 Auburn, finished the season ranked ninth in the Coaches' Poll, the first top ten poll finish in school history.[7][16] Two years later, an 8–1–1 Miami team, led by team captain and All-American Don Bosseler, was under consideration to play in the Sugar Bowl, but the program's bowl-ban was not due to expire until ten days after the game, rendering it ineligible to participate.[19] The team finished the season ranked sixth in both the AP and Coaches' Polls.[7]

In the later years of Gustafson's tenure, two-time All-America quarterback George Mira guided the Hurricanes to berths in the 1961 Liberty Bowl and the 1962 Gotham Bowl, where they lost both games.[20][21] In 1963, the team struggled to a 3–7 record. Nevertheless, Mira, who set many of the school's passing records during his four years at Miami, graced the cover of Sports Illustrated and finished fifth in the Heisman Trophy voting as a senior.[7][22][23] Following the season, Gustafson decided to step down as head coach and Charlie Tate, an assistant at Georgia Tech, was hired to replace him.[24] Gustafson has the Hurricane record for most years as head coach (16) and most wins as well (93).

Charlie Tate era (1964–69)Edit

Main article: 1966 Miami Hurricanes

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Charlie Tate's first seasons at Miami were uneventful, with the team posting a 4–5–1 record in 1964 and a reverse 5–4–1 record in 1965. 1966 brought the arrival of defensive end Ted Hendricks, the only three-time All-American in school history, and the Hurricanes won eight games, earning a trip to the Liberty Bowl, where they defeated No. 9 Virginia Tech, 14–7.[7] In December 1966, the program was integrated when African-American wide receiver Ray Bellamy signed a letter of intent to play football at the university.[25] Miami returned to bowl play in 1967, dropping the Bluebonnet Bowl to Colorado, 31–21.

The Hurricanes had a 5–5–0 season in 1968 and 4–6–0 in 1969, and Tate resigned as head coach two games into the 1970 season, later citing burn out and fatigue from "fighting the money battle and other battles" as the basis for his decision.[26]

Kichefski, Curci, Elliot, and Selmer (1970–76)Edit

Walt Kichefski, an assistant on Tate's staff, was elevated to interim head coach in the wake of Tate's resignation and coached the team to a 3–8 record in 1970. He was not retained the following season and Fran Curci, a former All-American quarterback under Andy Gustafson, was chosen as the program's new head coach. Curci's 1971 team improved by a game, but rival Florida Gators defeated Miami in a game that came to be known as "the Florida Flop.""[27] With Florida leading 45–8 late in the fourth quarter, the Gator defense allowed Miami to score so that Florida would get the ball back and quarterback John Reaves would have the opportunity to gain the 15 yards he needed to break the NCAA record for career passing yards.[28] 1972 brought another memorable finish for Miami, when the inadvertent gift of a "fifth down" by officials enabled the Hurricanes to edge Tulane in the waning moments of the game for a 24–21 win.[7][29][30] Curci left the program at the conclusion of the season and was replaced by Pete Elliot.[7] Elliot, in turn, lasted two seasons and stepped down in 1975 to become Miami's athletic director.

Offensive coordinator Carl Selmer was named the program's fifth head coach in six years.[31] Under Selmer, a trend that started earlier in the decade continued, with home attendance declining every year.[25] After finishing 2–8 in 1975 and 3–8 in 1976, the university fired Selmer, citing concerns about dwindling attendance and the loss of local blue-chip recruits to other schools.[31]

Lou Saban era (1977–78)Edit

File:Lou Saban.jpg

After a national search, Lou Saban, formerly head coach of the NFL's Buffalo Bills, Denver Broncos, and Boston Patriots,[25] was hired on December 27, 1976, as head coach.[7]

Miami only won three games in 1977, but Saban was able to put together a well-regarded recruiting class that included future Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Jim Kelly of East Brady, Pennsylvania.[25] Kelly had been recruited by Penn State as a linebacker and agreed to come to Miami after Saban promised him he would play quarterback.[25] Among the other 30 signees in Saban's first recruiting class were 11 future NFL players.[7]

The Hurricanes improved by three games in Saban's second season and Ottis Anderson emerged as an NFL talent. Anderson became the first Miami running back to rush for 1,000 yards in a season and led the team in rushing for three straight seasons from 1977 through 1979. Anderson set numerous school rushing records and Template:As of remains Miami's career rushing leader.[7]

After just two seasons as head coach, Saban resigned in the wake of a controversy concerning football players throwing a Jewish man into Lake Osceola, an on campus lake.[32] He left after the 1978 season to take the head coaching position at Army.[25][33] Saban's departure, the constant coaching upheaval Miami experienced during the decade, and assorted fiscal problems sparked the university's Board of Trustees to hold a vote on whether to drop the football program down to the Division I-AA level or eliminate it altogether.[34] University executive vice president Dr. John Green was able to convince the board to give Division I-A football another shot and hired the pipe-smoking Howard Schnellenberger, offensive coordinator for the NFL's Miami Dolphins, to succeed Saban.[34]

Howard Schnellenberger era (1979–83)Edit

Main article: 1980 Miami Hurricanes

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At the outset of his tenure, Howard Schnellenberger announced to his staff and players his intention to win a national championship within five years.[35] His five-year plan had two main priorities: installing a pro-style passing offense and upgrading the talent level on the roster through a new recruiting strategy aimed at retaining the best local talent.[36] To help with the offense, Schnellenberger hired former Baltimore Colts quarterback Earl Morrall as a volunteer quarterbacks coach.[36] On the recruiting front, he spoke of mining the "State of Miami," which entailed fencing off the fertile South Florida recruiting base from other programs and cherry-picking the rest of the nation for a few choice recruits.[37] Schnellenberger also sought to exploit the freedom provided by Miami's independent schedule to gain "intersectional exposure" and make the program "national."[36]

On the field, Miami went 5–6 in Schnellenberger's debut season, which was highlighted by a 26–10 upset win at No. 16 Penn State in which redshirt freshman Jim Kelly threw for 280 yards and three touchdowns in his first career start as Miami's quarterback.[38] Schnellenberger set a bowl berth as the goal of the 1980 campaign and the team made good on its head coach's expectations, winning nine games and earning a trip to the Peach Bowl, where the Hurricanes defeated Virginia Tech 20–10.[25] The bowl berth was Miami's first since 1967 and the team finished the season ranked eighteenth in both the AP and Coaches' Polls.

Miami continued to improve in 1981, going 9–2 and defeating then-No. 1 Penn State 17–14 in a late-October game at the Orange Bowl. In the season's final game, the Hurricanes topped rival Notre Dame for the first time since 1960, 37–15, finishing the season eighth in the AP Poll. The following season, the team finished with four losses following Kelly's shoulder injury. Entering the 1983 season—the fifth of Schnellenberger's tenure—the program had to find a replacement for the recently-graduated Kelly. Ultimately, Schnellenberger chose Bernie Kosar as the team's starting quarterback over fellow redshirt freshman Vinny Testaverde.

The 1983 Miami Hurricanes started the season unranked and lost 28–3 at Florida in their first game, though Kosar tied George Mira's single-game school record of 25 pass completions.[25] The Hurricanes rallied by winning their next 10 games, including a 20–0 early-season shutout of Notre Dame, and earned a berth to the 1984 Orange Bowl to play the undefeated, top-ranked Nebraska team that had both Mike Rozier and Turner Gill. The Orange Bowl-berth was Miami's first since 1951, but the program's first national championship remained a long shot, as the Hurricanes entered the game ranked fifth. Miami got much needed help early on New Year's Day when second-ranked Texas, the nation's other undefeated team, lost in the Cotton Bowl Classic and fourth-ranked Illinois lost in the Rose Bowl.[39]

Behind Kosar's passing, Miami jumped out to a 17–0 lead, but Nebraska battled back and cut Miami's lead to 31–24 in the fourth quarter.[39] With 48 seconds remaining, Nebraska scored a touchdown to make it 31–30 and, being the number one-ranked team in the nation, needed only to kick the extra point to tie the game and put itself in position to win the national championship. Nebraska head coach Tom Osborne elected to go for the win and attempt a two-point conversion instead.[39] On the ensuing play, Miami safety Ken Calhoun tipped away Gill's pass to receiver Jeff Smith in the end zone, saving the game and winning Miami the national championship when it leap-frogged No. 3 Auburn to finish first in the final polls.[39]

Although Schnellenberger had made good on his five-year plan to win a national championship, he left after the season to accept a head coaching position in the USFL.[40] Two weeks later, athletic director Sam Jankovich hired Jimmy Johnson from Oklahoma State to fill the vacancy.[40]

Jimmy Johnson era (1984–88)Edit

Main article: 1987 Miami Hurricanes

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File:Miami Orange Bowl.jpg

One of Jimmy Johnson's immediate priorities upon taking over as Miami head coach was to switch to a 4–3 defense.[41] Johnson wanted to implement the change for his first season, but lacking the time, personnel, and staff, he decided to postpone the switch and kept Schnellenberger's 5–2 defensive package for the 1984 season.[41]

The team struggled to an 8–5 record in Johnson's first season, losing a number of noteworthy games. In the next-to-last game of the regular season, the No. 6 Hurricanes squandered a 31–0 halftime lead against Maryland and lost 42–40 in what was then the biggest comeback in NCAA football history.[42] The following week, Miami lost 47–45 when Boston College's Doug Flutie connected with Gerard Phelan for a 48-yard Hail Mary touchdown on the final play in what has been called the Hail Flutie game.[43] The Hurricanes ended the season on a three-game losing streak by dropping the 1985 Fiesta Bowl to UCLA, 39–37, in a game that featured six lead changes.[44]

During the off-season, Johnson made a number of coaching changes, facilitating the switch to the 4–3 defense, and junior Vinny Testaverde succeeded early-graduate Bernie Kosar at quarterback.[25] The 1985 Hurricanes opened the season with a loss at Florida before winning their next four games, including a 38–0 win over Cincinnati that began a then NCAA-record 58 game home winning streak, heading into a matchup at No. 3 Oklahoma. Facing the nation's top-rated defense, Testaverde amassed 270 yards passing and threw touchdowns to Michael Irvin and Brian Blades, while also running for an additional score, in a 27–14 win over the Sooners.[25][45] The Hurricanes ascended to number two in the rankings following a 58–7 victory over Notre Dame in the final game of the regular season, earning a trip to the Sugar Bowl to play the No. 8 Tennessee Volunteers. With No. 1 Penn State losing to Oklahoma in the Orange Bowl, Miami was in position to capture its second national championship, but those hopes were dashed with a lopsided 35–7 loss to Tennessee.[46]

Miami opened its 1986 season as the third-ranked team in the country and climbed to number two after winning its first three games, setting up a No. 1 vs. No. 2 showdown at the Orange Bowl against top-ranked and defending national champion Oklahoma.[25][45] After much pre-game trash-talk between Oklahoma's Brian Bosworth and Miami's Melvin Bratton and Alonzo Highsmith, Testaverde tossed four touchdown passes in a 28–16 win.[25][45] Testaverde's performance led Oklahoma head coach Barry Switzer to remark that he had "never seen a better quarterback" in his 21 years with the Sooners, and at the conclusion of the regular season, Testaverde was awarded the Heisman Trophy with the fifth largest margin of victory in the voting's history.[47] The Hurricanes, having seized the number one ranking with the win over Oklahoma, finished the regular season at 11–0, outscoring their opponents 420–136, and accepted a bid to the 1987 Fiesta Bowl to play No. 2 Penn State.[48][49] There, the team's "outlaw" image grew when players arrived in Arizona clad in fatigues and Jerome Brown staged a walkout of a pre-game steak fry attended by both teams.[48] Before an estimated television audience of seventy million people, Penn State upset the heavily-favored Hurricanes 14–10 to win the national championship, forcing seven turnovers, including Pete Giftopoulus' game-sealing interception of Testaverde in the end zone in the game's final seconds.[25][48][49][50]

Led by Michael Irvin and new quarterback Steve Walsh, the 1987 Miami Hurricanes won the school's second national championship and completed its first undefeated varsity season.[7] The season was highlighted by one of the most memorable games in the history of the Miami – Florida State rivalry. Trailing No. 4 Florida State 19–3 in the third quarter at Doak Campbell Stadium, the Hurricanes rallied to take a 26–19 lead late in the fourth quarter on a 73-yard touchdown pass from Walsh to Irvin. Florida State responded with a touchdown in the final minute, but Seminoles head coach Bobby Bowden opted to go for two points and the win rather than kick the extra-point for a tie, and Miami's Bubba McDowell broke up the conversion pass in the end zone to preserve the 26–25 victory. More than 60 players on the combined rosters for the game went on to play in the NFL.[51] The 12–0 campaign was capped by a 20–14 win over the then-No. 1 Oklahoma Sooners in an Orange Bowl billed as "The Game of the Century."[45] The win was Miami's third over Oklahoma in the last three seasons, accounting for Oklahoma's only losses during that time period.[45]

The Hurricanes had a then-school record 12 players from the 1987 team selected in the following spring's NFL Draft,[25], including Irvin and Bennie Blades, but with Walsh returning in 1988, the team gained the number one ranking with a season-opening 31–0 shutout of then-No. 1 Florida State at the Orange Bowl.[7] The following week, Miami scored 17 points in the final 5 minutes and 23 seconds to top No. 4 Michigan 31–30 at Michigan Stadium.[52] Hopes of a repeat national championship were dashed, however, in the so-called "Catholics vs. Convicts" game, with Miami dropping an emotional 31–30 loss to eventual-national champion Notre Dame on a failed two-point conversion pass in the final minute.[25][53][54]

Johnson left the program in February 1989 to become the head coach of the NFL's Dallas Cowboys, ending his tenure at Miami with a 52–9 overall record and a 44–4 mark over his last four seasons.[25]

Dennis Erickson era (1989–1994)Edit

Main article: 1989 Miami Hurricanes

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File:Coach Dennis E interview.jpg

Despite having the support of students, players, and even the Miami police and fire departments, offensive coordinator Gary Stevens was bypassed for the head coaching job and athletic director Sam Jankovich chose Dennis Erickson of Washington State to succeed Jimmy Johnson instead.[55]

In 1989, Erickson became just the second Division I head coach to win a national championship in his first season at a school.[7][56] Erickson's 1989 team, led by Craig Erickson (no relation) at quarterback, rebounded from a mid-season loss at Florida State and moved back into the national championship picture with a 27–10 win over then-top-ranked Notre Dame in the final regular-season game. Miami's 33–25 win over No. 7 Alabama in the Sugar Bowl, combined with No. 1 Colorado's loss to Notre Dame in the Orange Bowl, earned the program its third national championship.[56][57]

Miami entered the following season as the number one team in the country, but a 28–21 upset loss to Ty Detmer and No. 16 BYU in the opener derailed both the team's national championship chances and Craig Erickson's nascent Heisman campaign.[58] Later in the year, the Hurricanes lost to Notre Dame 29–20 in a game dubbed the "Final Conflict", as Notre Dame had decided to discontinue the 27-game rivalry,[59] feeling the intensity of the series had reached an unhealthy level.[25] Miami ended the season with a 46–3 victory over No. 3 Texas in the 1991 Cotton Bowl Classic in which the team was penalized a bowl- and school-record 16 times for 202 yards, including nine unsportsmanlike conduct or personal foul penalties.[60] On one play, Randal Hill scored on a 48-yard touchdown reception and continued to sprint out of the end zone and up the Cotton Bowl tunnel, where he then pretended to shoot at the Longhorns with imaginary pistols.[25] The program was widely criticized for its conduct, with Will McDonough of the Boston Globe likening the Cotton Bowl Classic display to a "wilding" and Bill Walsh calling it "the most disgusting thing [he'd] ever seen in college sports."[25] After the season, the NCAA responded with the so-called "Miami Rule", which made it a 15-yard penalty to engage in excessive celebration or flagrant taunting.[25][61]

Also during the off-season, Miami ended its 48-year status as an independent and joined the Big East Conference.

The 1991 Hurricanes captured the program's fourth national championship in nine years behind quarterback Gino Torretta and a linebacking corps that featured Jessie Armstead and Micheal Barrow. Miami's toughest test came in mid-November at then-No. 1 Florida State in the initial Wide Right game; with the No. 2 Hurricanes leading 17–16 in the final minute of the game, Florida State kicker Gerry Thomas' potential game-winning field goal attempt sailed "wide right" of the uprights.[62] Miami completed the second undefeated season in school history with a 22–0 shutout of No. 11 Nebraska in the 1992 Orange Bowl and finished first in the AP Poll, splitting the national championship with Coaches' Poll champ Washington.[7]

Hurricane Andrew devastated much of south Florida in August 1992, causing the program to relocate its preseason practice sessions north to Dodgertown in Vero Beach.[7] That season, Miami went 11–0 against the second-toughest schedule in the country, topping No. 3 Florida State in Wide Right II and No. 7 Penn State the following week in Beaver Stadium.[7] Meanwhile, Torretta became the second Hurricane to win the Heisman Trophy, throwing for 19 touchdowns and 3,060 yards on the season and setting 11 school passing records during his career.[7][63] Miami earned a trip to the 1993 Sugar Bowl, where the top-ranked Hurricanes were denied a repeat national championship by No. 2 Alabama, 34–13.[64][65] The Sugar Bowl loss ended the program's 29-game winning streak, which dated to 1990.[65]

The following two seasons yielded less success. In 1993, Miami lost three games in a season for the first time since 1984, failed to win the Big East for the first time since joining in 1991, and was shut out in the Fiesta Bowl by Arizona,[7] leading someTemplate:Who to wonder whether the program was in decline.[25][66] In 1994, Miami defeated Georgia Southern in the season opener for its 58th consecutive home win, setting an NCAA record; the streak, which began in 1985, was snapped two weeks later when Washington defeated the Hurricanes 38–20 at the Orange Bowl.[67] Led by All-American defensive tackle Warren Sapp and sophomore linebacker Ray Lewis, the team rebounded to earn a berth in the 1995 Orange Bowl, where No. 1 Nebraska outscored Miami 15–0 in the final quarter to win the game, 24–17, and the national championship.[7][68]

With the threat of NCAA sanctions hovering over the program for a variety of infractions, Erickson stepped down after the 1994 season to become head coach of the NFL's Seattle Seahawks.[25] Erickson departed Miami with a 63–9 record over six seasons and the highest winning percentage (.875) and most national championships (2) of any coach in school history.[68]

Butch Davis era (1995–2000)Edit

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Several early candidates to replace Dennis Erickson, including former UM defensive coordinator and 1994 Sports Illustrated Coach of the Year Sonny Lubick, withdrew from consideration. Eventually, Miami settled on former Hurricanes assistant and Dallas Cowboys defensive coordinator Butch Davis.

The Hurricanes finished Davis' first season with a record of 8–3, which may have drawn a bowl invitation. However, on December 20, 1995 the NCAA announced that Miami would be subject to severe sanctions for numerous infractions within the athletic department. The Hurricanes were forced to sit out postseason play for the 1995 season and docked 31 scholarships from 1996 to 1998. Miami had actually self-reported the violations in 1991. However, when the Department of Education got word that school officials helped athletes fraudulently obtain Pell Grants, it asked Miami to stop its own investigation while it conducted its own. Ultimately, 60 athletes were implicated, but all of them avoided criminal charges after being sent through a pretrial diversion program.[69]

In 1994, Tony Russell, a former UM academic advisor, pleaded guilty to helping more than 80 student athletes, 57 of whom were football players, falsify Pell Grant applications in exchange for kickbacks from the players themselves. The scandal dated all the way back to 1989 and secured more than $220,000 in federal grant money. Federal officials later said that Russell had engineered "perhaps the largest centralized fraud ... ever committed" in the history of the Pell Grant program.[70][71]

In late 1995, the NCAA concluded that, in addition to the fraudulent Pell Grants facilitated by Russell, the university had also provided or allowed over $400,000 worth of other, improper payments to Miami football players. The NCAA also found that the university had failed to wholly implement its drug testing program, and permitted three football student-athletes to compete without being subject to the required disciplinary measures specified in the policy. Finally, the NCAA concluded, the university had lost institutional control over the football program.[72] Miami docked itself seven scholarships as part of a self-imposed sanction in 1995, and the NCAA took away another 24 scholarships over the next two years. As a result of the scandal, Sports Illustrated's Alexander Wolff wrote a cover story that Miami should at least temporarily shut down its football program.[70] Further, on June 21, 1996, Miami football players broke into the apartment of the captain of Miami's track team and struck him repeatedly. In response, Davis suspended three key players for the coming 1996 season. Davis also suspended two other players who were involved in separate violent incidents.[73]

The imposition of scholarship reductions led to a long and sometimes painful rebuilding period for the Hurricanes.

The low point for Miami came in 1997 when they posted a 5–6 record, the first losing season since Howard Schnellenberger's first year in 1979. The 1997 season saw the Hurricanes suffer one of the program's most humiliating losses, a 47–0 beating at the hands of in-state rival Florida State.[74][75]

The Hurricanes began to reassert themselves in 1998. In late September, Miami was forced to postpone their game with UCLA due to Hurricane Georges. The game was rescheduled for December 5 and for the #2-ranked Bruins, a trip to the National Championship game was at stake. The Hurricanes rebounded from a 66–13 "caning" at the hands of Syracuse and Donovan McNabb to put up over 600 yards of total offense against UCLA en route to a stunning 49–45 victory for the Hurricanes.

The following season carried high hopes and expectations for the Hurricanes. They opened the year with a 23–12 win over Ohio State in East Rutherford. Early success, however, was tempered by tough losses to Penn State and Florida State during a three game losing streak. The Hurricanes rebounded to win their last 4 games including a 28–13 win over Georgia Tech in the Gator Bowl.

In 2000, Miami was shut out of the BCS National Championship Game. Despite beating Florida State head-to-head and being ranked higher in both human polls, it was the Seminoles that were chosen to challenge the Oklahoma Sooners for the national championship. The Seminoles were also chosen over Washington, who also had one loss and who had handed Miami its only loss early in the season. Washington had been ranked third or fourth in the human polls, behind Miami. The Hurricanes went into the 2001 Nokia Sugar Bowl as the Big East champions and defeated Florida 37–20.

Larry Coker era (2001–2006)Edit

Main article: 2001 Miami Hurricanes football team

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On January 29, 2001, Butch Davis left Miami to become head coach of the Cleveland Browns. Dee promoted offensive coordinator Larry Coker to be head coach.[76]

Miami started the season with a 33–7, televised win over Penn State in Beaver Stadium. Miami followed up the victory with wins over Rutgers, Pittsburgh, and [[troy Troy State. After building up a 4–0 record, the Hurricanes defeated Florida State in Doak Campbell Stadium, 49–27, ending the Seminoles' 54-game home unbeaten streak. The Hurricanes then defeated West Virginia, 45–3, and Temple, 38–0, before heading to Chestnut Hill to take on Boston College. In the final minute of the fourth quarter, with Miami clinging to a 12–7 lead, Boston College quarterback Brian St. Pierre led the Eagles from their own 30-yard line all the way down to the Hurricanes' 9. With BC on the verge of a momentous upset, St. Pierre attempted a pass to receiver Ryan Read at the Miami 2-yard line. However, the ball deflected off the leg of Miami cornerback Mike Rumph, landing in the hands of defensive end Matt Walters. Walters ran ten yards with the ball before teammate Ed Reed grabbed the ball out of his hands at around the Miami 20-yard line and raced the remaining 80-yards for a touchdown, resulting in a 18–7 Miami victory.

After surviving the scare from Boston College, Miami shutout #14 Syracuse, 59–0, and defeated #12 Washington, 65–7 in the Orange Bowl. The combined 124–7 score set what the Orlando Sentinel described as an NCAA-record for the largest margin of victory over consecutive ranked opponents.[77][78]

The final hurdle to the 2002 Rose Bowl BCS National Championship Game was at Virginia Tech. Miami led Virginia Tech 20–3 at halftime. Virginia Tech added a couple of late touchdowns, attempting two-point conversions on each. The first conversion was successful, pulling them to 26–18, but receiver Ernest Wilford dropped a pass from quarterback Grant Noel in the endzone for the second conversion. Reed's late interception in the 4th quarter sealed the win for the Hurricanes. Miami's 26–24 victory earned the top-ranked Hurricanes an invitation to the Rose Bowl to take on BCS #2 Nebraska for the national championship.

In the Rose Bowl, the Hurricanes took a 34–0 halftime lead and cruised to a 37–14 win over the Huskers to capture their fifth national championship and put the finishing touches on a perfect 12–0 season. The Miami defense shut down Heisman winner Eric Crouch and the vaunted Huskers offense, holding Nebraska 200 yards below its season average. Ken Dorsey and Andre Johnson were named Rose Bowl co-Most Valuable Players.[79]

Six Hurricane players earned All-American status and six players were finalists for national awards, including Maxwell Award winner, Ken Dorsey, and Outland Trophy winner, Bryant McKinnie. Dorsey was also a Heisman Trophy finalist, finishing third.

The 2001 Miami Hurricanes are considered by some experts and historians as one of the greatest teams in college football history.[80]

Miami started the 2002 season as the defending national champion and the #1 ranked team in the country. Behind a high-powered offense led by senior quarterback Ken Dorsey, new starting running back Willis McGahee, and a stout defense anchored by Jonathan Vilma, the Hurricanes completed their regular season schedule undefeated. The season was highlighted by a 41–16 win over rival Florida at Ben Hill Griffin Stadium, the first regular season meeting between the rivals since 1987.

The Hurricanes' toughest test was an October clash against rival Florida State at the Orange Bowl. Miami overcame a 13-point second half deficit to defeat the Seminoles, 28–27. The game was clinched when Florida State kicker Xavier Beitia missed a 43-yard field goal, wide left, as time expired. Another signature win came four weeks later when Miami dominated the Tennessee Volunteers, 26–3, before a crowd of 107,745 at Neyland Stadium, considered one of the most hostile road venues in college football.

Miami would finish 12–0 and clinch a berth in the Fiesta Bowl BCS National Championship Game after a wild 56–45 victory over Virginia Tech in which McGahee rushed for 205 yards and a school-record six touchdowns. Both Dorsey and McGahee were named as finalists for the Heisman Trophy, finishing 4th and 5th, respectively.

Miami, in the midst of a 34-game winning streak, was installed as a 13-point favorite in the Fiesta Bowl match up against #2 Ohio State. The Hurricanes took an early 7–0 lead on a 25-yard touchdown pass from Dorsey to Roscoe Parrish, but Ohio State seized control in the second quarter behind an aggressive pass rush, bolstered by constant blitzing, and a stifling rush defense. The Buckeyes held a 14–7 lead at the half, and a field goal by Mike Nugent extended Ohio State's advantage to 17–7 midway through the third quarter.

A touchdown run by McGahee brought the Hurricanes within 3 points, but just as the running back started to get on track, he suffered a knee injury early in the fourth quarter.[81] Miami was able to fight back and force overtime on a 40-yard field goal by Todd Sievers on the final play of the fourth quarter. Miami scored a touchdown on its first possession in overtime on a 7-yard pass from Dorsey to Kellen Winslow II, and, on Ohio State's ensuing possession, the Hurricanes appeared to have won the game, 24–17, after Buckeyes quarterback Craig Krenzel's fourth-and-3 pass from the Miami 5 fell incomplete in the end zone. Miami players and coaches rushed the field and stadium fireworks were set off to commemorate the program's apparent sixth national championship.

The celebration proved premature, however, as Big 12 official Terry Porter threw a belated flag and made a controversial pass interference call against Miami cornerback Glenn Sharpe. The penalty took the air out of Miami's sails and gave Ohio State new life, first-and-goal at the 1. The Buckeyes scored a touchdown to tie it at 24–24 at the end of the first overtime, and Maurice Clarett's 5-yard touchdown run in the second overtime gave Ohio State a 31–24 lead.

Miami's ensuing possession saw Dorsey briefly knocked out of the game after a hit from linebacker Matt Wilhelm. After backup quarterback Derrick Crudup completed an 8-yard pass on third down, Dorsey re-entered and converted the crucial fourth-and-3 with a 7-yard completion to Winslow. Miami then drove to the Ohio State 2 yard-line, but was held to one yard on its next three plays. Facing fourth-and-goal from the Ohio State goal line, Miami called a pass play. The Hurricane offensive line was unable to pick up the blitz and Dorsey's desperation pass into the end zone toward Andre Johnson fell incomplete, giving Ohio State the national championship.

The loss was Coker's first in 25 games as Miami's head coach and Dorsey's second in 40 career starts. The loss also continued the Hurricanes' futility in the Fiesta Bowl, dropping them to 0–4 in the game, with two of those losses being monumental upsets that deprived them of national championships.

Miami suffered through some offensive struggles in 2003 behind new quarterback Brock Berlin. A blowout loss at Virginia Tech in early November ended Miami's 39-game regular season winning streak and a loss the following week to Tennessee ended Miami's national championship aspirations. The Hurricanes rebounded to win the Big East Conference championship and finish the season 11–2 with an 2004 Orange Bowl victory over Florida State.

Miami joined the ACC in 2004 and despite 3 conference losses, the Hurricanes ended the season with a Peach Bowl victory over rival Florida.

The 2005 season marked the debut of Kyle Wright as Miami's starting quarterback, although the much-ballyhooed Wright would struggle with consistency during the season with much of Miami's success that year fueled by its defense. After a loss to Florida State after placekick holder Bryan Monroe bobbled the snap for what would have been a game-tying field goal attempt, Miami would win eight straight games, including a road win over 3rd-ranked Virginia Tech, only to stumble two weeks later against underdog Georgia Tech. Miami's second conference loss of the season cost it a place in the inaugural ACC Championship game and it competed instead in the Peach Bowl, where it lost to LSU, 40–3.

2005 also saw the program embroiled in more controversy when it was reported several Miami football players had recorded a rap song in 2004 that contained lewd sexual references.[82] The song, recorded by an informal group that called itself "7th Floor Crew" and set to the beat of Aaliyah's "If Your Girl Only Knew", received much criticism in outlets such as ESPN and Sports Illustrated.[83] Following the negative publicity, the University issued a statement condemning its lyrical content.[84]

The 2006 season included an on-field brawl against Florida International, the shooting death of Miami defensive tackle Bryan Pata, and a four game late-season losing streak. Only a Thanksgiving night victory over Boston College, in Miami's last game of the regular season, saved the Hurricanes from a losing regular season record.

The day following the Boston College victory, university president Donna Shalala terminated Coker.[85] Coker coached through the postseason, where he won his final game, a 21–20 victory over Nevada on December 31, 2006 in the MPC Computers Bowl.

Randy Shannon era (2007–2010)Edit

File:Randy Shannon 70723.jpg
Main article: 2007 Miami Hurricanes

Template:Rellink After a search that lasted two weeks, defensive coordinator and Miami alumnus Randy Shannon was officially introduced as the program's new head coach on December 8, 2006. Shannon reportedly agreed to a four-year deal worth over $4 million.[86] As of November 2010, Shannon's .553 career winning record is the worst of any University of Miami coach in four decades.

Shannon's first year as UM head coach in 2007 was one of the worst in the Hurricanes' modern history, with the team registering a losing 5–7 record. Under Shannon, the team failed to reach a bowl game for the first time in a decade, and it was the first non-penalized full-scholarship team to miss a bowl game in more than 25 years.

Media draft experts considered the freshmen on the 2008 team to be one of the top recruiting classes in the nation.[87] The 2008 regular season was highlighted by losses to rivals Florida and Florida State, as well as an upset victory over Virginia Tech. The 26–3 loss to Florida was Miami's first in that series since 1985, snapping a 6-game winning streak against the Gators. Afterwards, the tension between the two teams was heightened when Shannon accused Florida coach Urban Meyer of trying to run up the score with an unsuccessful deep pass into the end zone in the game's final minute. The visiting Hurricanes were 22½ point underdogs in the nationally televised game but only trailed 9–3 heading into the fourth quarter, leading some to wonder whether Meyer was trying to compensate for his team's unimpressive performance.before kicking a field goal with 25 seconds remaining."[88][88][89] Miami was knocked out of ACC Championship contention with a late-season loss to Georgia Tech in which the Hurricanes surrendered the second-most rushing yards in school history (472).[90] The Hurricanes finished the 2008 season at 7–6 after a 24–17 loss to California in the Emerald Bowl.

After the 2008 season, Shannon fired offensive coordinator Patrick Nix, citing philosophical differences.[91] Also, starting quarterback Robert Marve left the team because he claimed not to be able to play for Coach Shannon.[92] Shannon placed strict restrictions on Marve's potential transfer destinations and received much criticism in the media.[93][94][95] However, the University of Miami claimed in a press release that the restrictions were set because of suspected tampering by Marve's family or others on behalf of the Marve family.[96]

Shannon's staff suffered more upheaval when defensive coordinator Bill Young left to assume the same position at Oklahoma State, his alma mater, in late January 2009. North Carolina assistant John Lovett was hired to replace him.[97]

Shannon hired former Philadelphia Eagles offensive assistant Mark Whipple as Miami's new offensive coordinator and assistant head coach. Several Miami offensive players from the 2008 season returned, including quarterback Jacory Harris, both starting running backs, most of the offensive line and its top six receivers.[98] Shannon has been able to recruit a number of Southern Florida's top high school football players by telling them that they would be able to play immediately. In fact, 21 true freshmen played during the 2008 season opener.[99]

The 2009 season began on a poor note after two back up quarterbacks, Taylor Cook and Cannon Smith both transferred out during fall practice, leaving the young Hurricane team with only one serviceable backup in true freshman A.J. Highsmith. Sophomore Jacory Harris directed the newly implemented offense. To make matters worse, starting defensive end Adewale Ojomo suffered a broken jaw in a locker room fight that led to a season ending injury, causing the already young Hurricane team to go into their season short handed.

Miami faced adifficult schedule to start the 2009 season with visits to #18 Florida State, a home game against #15 Georgia Tech, a visit to Lane Stadium and the #7 Virginia Tech Hokies and a home visit from the defending Big 12 Conference champions and BCS Champion runner-ups in #3 Oklahoma.[100] Some national media outlets and sites such as ESPN predicted at best a 2–2 record for the Hurricanes with some even predicting an 0–4 start.[101]

Miami opened up their 2009 season against their rival the Florida State Seminoles on Labor Day night for a national broadcast for ESPN. Billed as a "Battle of Rebuilding Programs," Quarterback Jacory Harris led a heroic comeback in Tallahassee to beat the then ranked Seminoles 38–34, overcoming a late interception and apparent injury to Harris in the 4th quarter. The next week, Miami welcomed the triple option offense of the #14 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets in yet another ESPN prime-time game. Georgia Tech came in hot off of a big ACC win against Clemson University the previous week and held a 4–0 record against the Hurricanes in the last 4 years, including the previous years pounding in Atlanta (referenced above). The 2009 contest would be a different story all together, as the Hurricanes handily beat the Jackets 33–17 at home and allowed only 95 rushing yards in the process. The next week, with the Hurricanes in the national spotlight for the first time in 5 years, the #9 Miami team visited the #11 Virginia Tech Hokies. In pouring rain, Tech defeated the Hurricanes by a final score of 31–7. Beat up and embarrassed, Miami then played the Oklahoma Sooners. Without Heisman Award winner Sam Bradford, Oklahoma took an early 10–0 lead after two early Jacory Harris interceptions. Going into halftime, the Hurricanes trailed the Sooners 10–7 in a highly contested football game. Miami came out for the second with a huge hit on the kick off team by Corey Nelms that forced the Sooners to start inside their own 20. The following play, Sophomore Corner Brandon Harris hit Oklahoma Quarterback Landry Jones and forced a fumble that eventually led to a Hurricane touchdown. The momentum stayed with the Hurricanes as they rode to a 21–20 win over the #8 team in the land. Following the opening four weeks, Miami was 3–1 and was the talk of sports stations nationwide.

Following the gauntlet first third of the season, the Hurricanes won against Florida A&M at home and on the road against UCF, moving all the way up to #10 in the polls. The Canes then had to take on the always tough Clemson Tigers in Miami in what was a contest of speed and athleticism. Turnovers, missed opportunities and stand-out back CJ Spiller led the Tigers to a 40–37 overtime win against the Hurricanes, knocking them out of BCS contention and putting the ACC Championship Game in serious jeopardy. A win against Wake Forest on Halloween kept the Hurricanes in the conference race, which they followed up on with a 52–17 defeat of the University of Virginia in Miami. The next week UNC topped Miami 33–24 with an unimpressive performance by Jacory Harris and the offense. Miami finished up the 2009 regular season with back-to-back wins over Duke and in-state rival USF. Miami's final record was 9–3, finishing in 3rd place for the ACC Coastal Division behind Georgia Tech and Virginia Tech.

The announcement of the 2009 bowl selections stirred some controversy. Instead of choosing the 3rd best team in the ACC (Miami), the Gator Bowl chose the Florida State Seminoles to represent the ACC against the West Virginia University instead of the Hurricanes because of the retirement of legendary FSU coach Bobby Bowden.[102] The Hurricanes were relegated to the Champs Sports Bowl in Orlando to play against the 9–3 Wisconsin Badgers. Though the Hurricanes were heavy favorites coming into the contest, the Badgers beat up on the Hurricanes consistently throughout the game. Though the Hurricanes started off fast with a big return to open the game by Sam Shields, the Canes just could not maintain any offense throughout the game and had no answer for the power offense of Wisconsin. Going into halftime, the Hurricanes trailed 17–7 and Graig Cooper blew out his knee on the poor turf just before halftime on a kick off return.[103] Though Miami scored a late touchdown and recovered the onside kick, they fell to Wisconsin 20–14 and finished the season at 9–4.[104]

After the 2009 season, Shannon signed the #13 recruiting class in the nation according to ESPN.[105] Shannon addressed many depth issues including offensive line, line backers and running backs, however the media claimed that the staff missed out on several of the more highly touted recruits on signing day, including a couple of "5 star" players.[106] Coaching changes were made before and after signing day, including the departure of defensive line coach and recruiting coordinator Clint Hurtt to the University of Louisville[107] and the loss of running backs coach Tommie Robinson to the Arizona Cardinals.[108] Shannon replaced them with former Hurricane and current University of Kentucky defensive line coach Rick Petri[109] as well as running back coach Mike Cassano from Florida International University.[110] Subsequently, Shannon has named wide-receiver coach Aubry Hill as the recruiting coordinator for the program. In May 2010, the university extended Shannon's employment contract as head coach through 2014.[111]

The Hurricanes finished the 2010 regular season with a 7–5 record which included losses to rivals Florida State and Virginia Tech as well as the first ever loss to in-state opponent USF in the last game of the season. Shannon was fired by Athletic Director Kirby Hocutt within hours of the loss to USF. Interim head coach Jeff Stoutland, who was offensive line coach under Shannon, led the team into its Sun Bowl matchup versus Notre Dame; the Hurricanes lost the New Year's Eve game 33–17.[112]

Al Golden era (2011 to present)Edit

Main article: 2011 University of Miami athletics scandal

Following Shannon's firing, Miami hired Temple University head coach Al Golden as their new head coach on December 13, 2010.

Golden posted a 6-6 record in his first year at Miami. It was only the third time since 1979 that the program had failed to register a winning record.[113]

SeasonsEdit

Notable AlumniEdit

External LinksEdit

ReferencesEdit

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